Biomedical Illustration

Botulinum Toxin

Botulinum Toxin Editorial Spread

Clients: Dr. Derek Ng


Medium: Chimera, Autodesk Maya, Adobe Photoshop and Illustrator

Audience: Scientific American readers

Date: June 2018

Project Details: An editorial composition visualizing how Botulinum toxin prevents muscle contraction. The initial drafts were completed using Cinema 4D. The final version was completed in Autodesk Maya.


Process Work


Arnon, S. S., Schechter, R., TV, I., & Al, E. (2001). Botulinum toxin as a biological weapon: Medical and public health management. JAMA : The Journal of the American Medical Association, 285(8), 1059–1070.

Turton, K., Chaddock, J. A., & Acharya, K. R. (2002). Botulinum and tetanus neurotoxins: Structure, function and therapeutic utility. Trends in Biochemical Sciences, 27(11), 552–558.

Li, B., Peet, N. P., Butler, M. M., Burnett, J. C., Moir, D. T., & Bowlin, T. L. (2011). Small molecule inhibitors as countermeasures for botulinum neurotoxin intoxication. Molecules, 16(1), 202–220.

Montecucco, C., & Molgó, J. (2005). Botulinal neurotoxins: Revival of an old killer. Current Opinion in Pharmacology, 5(3 SPEC. ISS.), 274–279.

Initial Composition Ideas


3D Models and Exports


Cinema 4D

Photoshop Illustrations

Rachael Whitehead 2020 ©